Previously published in PGS-CA Bulletin (Issue #81, January 2007)

Parchowo Translated from the Słownik Geograficzny (1880-1902)
by Helen Bienick

Parchowo, Kętrzyno, also called Parzchowo, in German known as Parchau, in a document dating back to 1253 was noted as Parchovia, and in 1355 as Parschau. Parchowo was a farming village with a Catholic church, and parish and a large folwark (farmstead). It was part of the county of Kartuzy, which was located about 6¼ Polish miles to the east 3½ miles from Kościerzyna, and 12.5 kilometers from Bytów, where the nearest railroad station was located. The village sits on an elevation of about 589 meters above sea level, in the vicinity of Lake Mausz, and the border with the county of Bytów. Parchowo included in its borders the small settlements of Karłowo, Parchowski Młyn, Friedrichshof, and Ostrowo. The folwark included Henriettenhal and Parchowski Bór, and these covered an area totaling 831.72 ha or hectare [ha, abbreviation for hectare, measures 2.47 acres]. Of this land mass, 481.43 ha were farms and gardens, 64.13 were meadows, 186.18 were pastureland, 89.91 were forests, 10 ha were not in use, and 0.07 were water. The income from the above totaled 1718 marks. The cattle being raised were of a Dutch breed, and the hogs were of a Yorkshire brand. In 1798 the folwark was granted a permanent lease. The village of Parchowo including the water mill covered 11 włóki [1] , and 25 mórg [2] of land.

All these villages in 1868 had a population of 722 souls, of whom 506 were Catholics and 216 were Evangelicals. Besides a post office, Parchowo had a telegraph station from 1885. The parish and church belonged to the deanery of Mirachowo. The newly erected church dates back to 1855, and was consecrated in honor of Św. Mikolaj [St. Nicholas]. It was under the patronage of the local government. The following villages belonged to the Parchowo parish: Parchowo, Jamno, Nakło, Nakla, Siliczno (aka Silczna), Mausch (German), Sucha, Ostrów-Mausch, Kłodnia (in 1710 Kłodno), Żukówko, Grabowo, Neufeld (German) Kolo in Polish, Golicewo, Suminy, Nowydwór, Wozmin, Dąbrówka, Młynek, Chośnica, Jelenowa, and Wygoda.

In 1867 the parish consisted of 1417 communicants, and a total of 2569 souls. In 1886 there were 2679 members. Parchowo is an old settlement, as evidenced by the geological discovery of funeral urns, which is described in the work "Zeitschr. des Westprussen, Geschichte Ver. YI, 5."

In 1253, the Bishop of Kujawa, Wolimir assigned the tithes from collections in Parchowo and three other villages to the then existing Church of The Holy Cross (see P. U. B. von Perlbach #150).

In early years, Parchowo belonged to the Castellan of Chmielno. During the time of the Teutonic Knights, it belonged to the provincial governors of Mirachowo, although it still retained the Polish rules and laws. Rental fees assessed were 12 skojce (an old Polish monetary unit, which was 1/24th of a "grzywna"). The "grzywna", worth several denarii, was an ancient silver coin used at that time throughout Europe, including Poland. The owner of the water mill paid a rental of three grzywny. There were three taverns in the village and each paid a 1 grzywna plus 2 skojce rent. The local inn paid a rent of ½ a grzywna. (See Zeitsche d. Westpr. Geschichte Ver. VI page 132). In 1389, the chief commander of the Teutonic Knights, Walrabe von Scharfenberg of Gdansk (Danzig) granted to the church and pastor, 4 "włóki" [3] , some meadowland, free pasture in the forests, free use of wood for burning and building, and free fishing rights in Lake Słupia in Polish (Stolp-See, German), and Lake Mausz in Polish (Mausch, German), and was also given the sole rights to Lake Księże. The above declaration is described in the book mentioned above.

In early times, the first church stood on the site which is now the cemetery (see Borek Echo sepulchralis, page 425.) It was constructed of wood. An affiliate church was once located in Żukowek. Some pastors who served in Parchowo were: Maciej Dobieszowski 1659, Jan Ignacy Czarkowski 1680, Wilhelm Jan Parchem 1698, Albert Pradzynski 1710, Tomasz Chelmowski 1715, Józef Matkowski 1763, and Jan Kitowski 1768.

At one time Parchowo was the district seat for the royal officials who were in charge of civil matters relative to the treasury, police and judiciary. Some of those who served in that capacity ware: Jakub Tarnow-Szczawiński in 1576, Stanisław Kur-Solikowski 1661-1667, Aleksander Czapski in 1667, Reinhold Krokowski, who held the same position in Mirachowo and Białybor in 1667, Bogusław Krokowski in 1709 and 1717, Teodor Krokowski, the Castellan of Gdansk, in 1725, Antoni Ciocholewski 1736-1746, Jan August Huelsen (Hylzen), once governor of Minsk 1761-1765, (see literarum aestimator et promotor (ob.cit. Borek l. page 495, and Zeitsch. des Wesrpr. Gesch., XV, page 60). The Parchowo district was separated from the jurisdiction of Mirachowo, and the following villages were added to it: besides Parchowo, they were Tuszkowy, Siliczna, Sumino, Kłodno, Żukowo, Trzeboń, Golczewo, Nakło, Jamno, Skwierawy, Welin, Trawice, Jabłuszko, Zdroje, Borowe, Turzanka, Bigos , and 14 lakes.

In 1771, Parchowo was the property of Constance (Konstancya) Platerów Hylzen, who paid a tax of 3709 złoty and 27 grzywna, and a tax of 1688 złoty and 11 grzywna, the latter being used to maintain the army during the winter.

On September 13, 1772 the entire area and province passed to the Prussians, during the partitions of Poland.

    End Notes:
  • ↑ [1] One włóka equals about 30 mórgs. This was considered to be a full-sized farm big enough to support a family
  • ↑ [2] One mórg equals about 2.2 acres
  • ↑ [3] One włóka equals about 30 mórgs. This was considered to be a full-sized farm big enough to support a family

Surnames found in the parish records of Parchowo Compiled by Renay Wallace from LDS Film # 0531357