Ciążeń Translated from the Słownik Geograficzny (1880-1902)
by Helen Bienick

CIĄŻEŃ, a village and a colony, is situated on the river Warta, in the county of Słupca, parish of Ciążeń. It is about 4 Polish miles distant to Konin. In 1827, there were 85 houses and 780 inhabitants. In the late 1800's the population totaled 1,204. The area covered 4139 morgen of nobility owned lands; 1407 morgen belonged to farmers. The colonists numbered 109 and owned 426 morgen of land.

Ciążeń had a brick parish church, an elementary school, a shelter for the aged and handicapped, and a district civil government office. Up to the year 1269, Ciążeń was the property of various castellans of the king. Later, it became the property of the Bishops of Poznan. The parish church was known to be in existence as early as 1260. The bishops of Poznan maintained a manor house here, and were frequent visitors, and served the church's needs. In 1535, Jan Latalski replaced the original wooden church with one built of brick. His successor beautified the interior, and the Reverend Teodor Czartoryski, remodeled it in 1760. According to a weekly publication "Tygodnik III", published in 1866, the manor house of the bishops, with its park on the Warta river, were still in existence.

The parish of Ciążeń belonged to the deanery of Słupca, which totaled 2560 souls. The town and its neighbor villages were part of the II Circuit Court in Dobrosłowie. The post office was in Słupca. The Ciążeń district included the following villages Borki, Ciążeń, Dziedzice, Gołków, Jaroszyn, Kąty, Kotonia, the sheriff's town of Kowalewo, the Abbey in Kowalewo, Ląd-Policko, Samarzew, Wierzbocice, Wielodwór, Wierzbno, Wola Koszutska. Included also were the folwarks (large farmsteads) of Dąbrowa and Góry, and the colonies of Ciążeń, Piotrowo, and the settlements of Cegielnia, Lądek, Parsk, Wymysłów.

In total, the district of Ciążeń covered 17,705 morgen of land, and had 7,012 inhabitants. The estate holdings consisted of the folwarks, Ciążeń, Dąbrowa, Kąty, along with fields in the villages of Kotonia, Dziedzice, Kąty, Holendry, Ciążyńskie, Borki, Wierzbocie, Samarzew, Policko, Gołków, & Dąbrowa.

In distance, Ciążeń lies 56 verst from Kalisz, 8 verst from Słupca, and 110 verst from Kutno. The Warta river runs along the border of the estates. The estate holdings cover 2,777 morgen of land. The Ciążeń folwark held 618 morgen of farms and gardens, 228 morgen of pastures, and 96 morgen of meadows. 128 morgen were forests, and 86 morgen of land was not in use, in total 1156 morgen. Ciążeń folwark had 27 brick buildings, and 14 built of wood.

The folwark in Dąbrowa had 738 morgen of farmland and gardens, 88 morgen of meadows, and 99 morgen of forests. Unused land covered 43 morgen. The estate covered 963 morgen of land, with 9 buildings of brick, and 2 built of wood. The folwark of Kąty covered 454 morgen of farms and gardens, 96 morgen of meadows, 11 morgen of pastures, and 33 morgen of land not in use. It totaled 594 morgen. There were 8 buildings of stone and 2 of wood; besides the settlers (nadto w osadach) watermills covered an area of 64 morgen {in the various folwarks} (płodozmian 11 polowy) [contributing to the fruitfulness of 11 fields].

Besides the 2 watermills, Ciążeń had a distillery, a saw mill, 2 windmills, and fishing ponds.

Ciążeń had 74 settlements covering 1407 morgen of land. The village of Kotonia had 38 settlements covering 662 morgen of land. The village of Dziedzice had 28 settlements with 428 morgen of land. The village of Kąty had 33 settlements on 496 morgen of land. The village of Holendry Ciąźyńskie had 14 settlements on 427 morgen of land. The village of Borki had 20 settlements, on 195 morgen of land. The village of Wierzbocice, had 70 settlements, on 928 morgen of land. The village of Samarzew had 36 settlements on 812 morgen of land. The village of Policko had 60 settlements on 425 morgen of land; Gołków village had 35 settlements on 625 morgen of land; and the village of Dąbrowa, 4 settlements on 4 morgen of land.

Bronisława Chelbowski and Al. Palmirski

    Terms Requiring Further Explanation:
  • verst – refers to a distance measurement. 1 wiorsta 1,0667805 kilometrów (1.0667805 kilometers) (0.663 English/American mile, 3,500 English/American feet)
  • morgen – refers to a measurement of land. mr.mórg, morga, → measure of area, from German Morgen, "morning," so called because it was supposed to be the amount of land a man and ox could plow in one morning; also called jutrzyna (from a Polish root meaning "dawn, morning")